Gestational Diabetes

[Translate to Englisch:] Beratung Schwangerschaft
[Translate to Englisch:] © Monkey Business / Fotolia.com

Gestational diabetes is the term used to describe a glucose tolerance disorder that occurs for the first time during pregnancy. It is usually diagnosed using a 75-gram glucose tolerance test between the 24th and 28th week of pregnancy. According to a survey conducted in 2016, 5.38 percent of all pregnancies in Germany are affected.
In 2012, a general screening procedure  for gestational diabetes was established for all pregnant women. Costs are covered by health insurance . Since the introduction of screening, the incidence of gestational diabetes has risen by 20 percent (from 4.4 percent to 5.3 percent). However, an analysis of performance  data covering  all statutory health insurance companies from 2014 and 2015 points to a much higher prevalence of gestational diabetes. According to this data, 13.2 percent of all pregnant women would be affected. It is unclear which factors are responsible for these differences  .
As a rule, gestational diabetes   is symptom-poor, the typical symptoms of diabetes mellitus – heavy  thirst and increased urge to urinate – are usually absent.
• However,  elevated blood sugar levels in gestational diabetes endanger  the pregnant woman and the child in particular. More than fifty percent of women with gestational diabetes develop type 2 diabetes within eight years after childbirth.
• On the one hand, gestational diabetes can lead to  premature birth , on the other hand, childrens´ birth weight is  often  increased, which can lead to complications during birth.
• There is also an increased risk that  children will be overweight later in life and develop type 2 diabetes.

THE LATEST FROM RESEARCH:  News, results from clinical studies and research laboratories, event information and more ...more (in german)

BASIC INFORMATION: Gestational diabetes (GDM) is the term used to describe a glucose tolerance disorder that occurs and is diagnosed during pregnancy. ...more (in german)

PREVALENCE: Experts estimate that gestational diabetes occurs in at least 4.5 percent of all pregnancies. In 2014, out of a total of around 650,000 births in Germany, almost 31,000 mothers suffered from the disease ...more (in german)

RISK FACTORS: The main risk factors for the development of gestational diabetes are excess  weight and genetic predisposition. In addition there are  other factors such as repeated miscarriages. ...more (in german)

DIAGNOSIS: The new evidence-based guideline "Gestational Diabetes mellitus" issued in 2011 by the German Diabetes Society and the German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics stipulates that the diagnosis of gestational Diabetes ...more (in german)

THERAPIES: In about 85 percent of cases, a change in diet is sufficient to lower the blood glucose levels to the target area . A restriction in  fat and/or carbohydrates and calorie intake ...more (in german)

PREVENTION: In studies, approaches are being tested to prevent high-risk patients from developing type 2 diabetes after  birth of their child. ...more (in german)

RESEARCH APPROACHES: Currently, the main research objectives  in gestational diabetes are to develop prevention approaches that prevent high-risk patients from developing type 2 diabetes after the birth of their child ...more (in german)

FURTHER INFORMATION: Information on the Internet, research institutions, journals ...more (in german)

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